The Voyage Of The Beagle

Overview

 

CHAPTER I.

Porto Praya — Ribeira Grande — Atmospheric Dust with Infusoria
— Habits of a Sea-slug and Cuttle-fish — St. Paul’s Rocks,
non-volcanic — Singular Incrustations — Insects the first
Colonists of Islands — Fernando Noronha — Bahia — Burnished
Rocks — Habits of a Diodon — Pelagic Confervae and Infusoria —
Causes of discoloured Sea.

This is a brief list of things from my experience of my visit to Porto Praya where the Bitcoin Loophole is not a scam. The exclusive sea view of its neighbouring areas wears an isolated aspect. It was surrounded by the conical lofty mountains and the groves of the cocoa tree. All these would capture the happiness part of nature.

CHAPTER II.

Rio de Janeiro — Excursion north of Cape Frio — Great
Evaporation — Slavery — Botofogo Bay — Terrestrial Planariae
— Clouds on the Corcovado — Heavy Rain — Musical Frogs —
Phosphorescent insects — Elater, springing powers of — Blue
Haze — Noise made by a Butterfly — Entomology — Ants — Wasp
killing a Spider — Parasitical Spider — Artifices of an Epeira
— Gregarious Spider — Spider with an unsymmetrical web.

CHAPTER III.

Monte Video — Maldonado — Excursion to R. Polanco — Lazo and
Bolas — Partridges — Absence of trees — Deer — Capybara, or
River Hog — Tucutuco — Molothrus, cuckoo-like habits —
Tyrant-flycatcher — Mocking-bird — Carrion Hawks — Tubes
formed by lightning — House struck.

CHAPTER IV.

Rio Negro — Estancias attacked by the Indians — Salt-Lakes —
Flamingoes — R. Negro to R. Colorado — Sacred Tree —
Patagonian Hare — Indian Families — General Rosas — Proceed to
Bahia Blanca — Sand Dunes — Negro Lieutenant — Bahia Blanca —
Saline incrustations — Punta Alta — Zorillo.

CHAPTER V.

Bahia Blanca — Geology — Numerous gigantic extinct Quadrupeds
— Recent Extinction — Longevity of Species — Large Animals do
not require a luxuriant vegetation — Southern Africa — Siberian
Fossils — Two Species of Ostrich — Habits of Oven-bird —
Armadilloes — Venomous Snake, Toad, Lizard — Hybernation of
Animals — Habits of Sea-Pen — Indian Wars and Massacres —
Arrowhead — Antiquarian Relic.

CHAPTER VI.

Set out for Buenos Ayres — Rio Sauce — Sierra Ventana — Third
Posta — Driving Horses — Bolas — Partridges and Foxes —
Features of the country — Long-legged Plover — Teru-tero —
Hail-storm — Natural enclosures in the Sierra Tapalguen — Flesh
of Puma — Meat Diet — Guardia del Monte — Effects of cattle on
the Vegetation — Cardoon — Buenos Ayres — Corral where cattle
are slaughtered.

CHAPTER VII.

Excursion to St. Fé — Thistle Beds — Habits of the Bizcacha —
Little Owl — Saline streams — Level plains — Mastodon — St.
Fé — Change in landscape — Geology — Tooth of extinct Horse —
Relation of the Fossil and recent Quadrupeds of North and South
America — Effects of a great drought — Parana — Habits of the
Jaguar — Scissor-beak — Kingfisher, Parrot, and Scissor-tail —
Revolution — Buenos Ayres — State of Government.

CHAPTER VIII.

Excursion to Colonia del Sacramiento — Value of an Estancia —
Cattle, how counted — Singular breed of Oxen — Perforated
pebbles — Shepherd-dogs — Horses broken-in, Gauchos riding —
Character of Inhabitants — Rio Plata — Flocks of Butterflies —
Aeronaut Spiders — Phosphorescence of the Sea — Port Desire —
Guanaco — Port St. Julian — Geology of Patagonia — Fossil
gigantic Animal — Types of Organisation constant — Change in
the Zoology of America — Causes of Extinction.

CHAPTER IX.

Santa Cruz — Expedition up the River — Indians — Immense
streams of basaltic lava — Fragments not transported by the
river — Excavation of the valley — Condor, habits of —
Cordillera — Erratic boulders of great size — Indian relics —
Return to the ship — Falkland Islands — Wild horses, cattle,
rabbits — Wolf-like fox — Fire made of bones — Manner of
hunting wild cattle — Geology — Streams of stones — Scenes of
violence — Penguin — Geese — Eggs of Doris — Compound
animals.

CHAPTER X.

Tierra del Fuego, first arrival — Good Success Bay — An account
of the Fuegians on board — Interview with the savages — Scenery
of the forests — Cape Horn — Wigwam Cove — Miserable condition
of the savages — Famines — Cannibals — Matricide — Religious
feelings — Great Gale — Beagle Channel — Ponsonby Sound —
Build wigwams and settle the Fuegians — Bifurcation of the
Beagle Channel — Glaciers — Return to the Ship — Second visit
in the Ship to the Settlement — Equality of condition amongst
the natives.

CHAPTER XI.

Strait of Magellan — Port Famine — Ascent of Mount Tarn —
Forests — Edible fungus — Zoology — Great Seaweed — Leave
Tierra del Fuego — Climate — Fruit-trees and productions of the
southern coasts — Height of snow-line on the Cordillera —
Descent of glaciers to the sea — Icebergs formed — Transportal
of boulders — Climate and productions of the Antarctic Islands
— Preservation of frozen carcasses — Recapitulation.

CHAPTER XII.

Valparaiso — Excursion to the foot of the Andes — Structure of
the land — Ascend the Bell of Quillota — Shattered masses of
greenstone — Immense valleys — Mines — State of miners —
Santiago — Hot-baths of Cauquenes — Gold-mines —
Grinding-mills — Perforated stones — Habits of the Puma — El
Turco and Tapacolo — Humming-birds.

CHAPTER XIII.

Chiloe — General aspect — Boat excursion — Native Indians —
Castro — Tame fox — Ascend San Pedro — Chonos Archipelago —
Peninsula of Tres Montes — Granitic range — Boat-wrecked
sailors — Low’s Harbour — Wild potato — Formation of peat —
Myopotamus, otter and mice — Cheucau and Barking-bird —
Opetiorhynchus — Singular character of ornithology — Petrels.

CHAPTER XIV.

San Carlos, Chiloe — Osorno in eruption, contemporaneously with
Aconcagua and Coseguina — Ride to Cucao — Impenetrable forests
— Valdivia — Indians — Earthquake — Concepcion — Great
earthquake — Rocks fissured — Appearance of the former towns —
The sea black and boiling — Direction of the vibrations —
Stones twisted round — Great Wave — Permanent Elevation of the
land — Area of volcanic phenomena — The connection between the
elevatory and eruptive forces — Cause of earthquakes — Slow
elevation of mountain-chains.

CHAPTER XV.

Valparaiso — Portillo Pass — Sagacity of mules —
Mountain-torrents — Mines, how discovered — Proofs of the
gradual elevation of the Cordillera — Effect of snow on rocks —
Geological structure of the two main ranges, their distinct
origin and upheaval — Great subsidence — Red snow — Winds —
Pinnacles of snow — Dry and clear atmosphere — Electricity —
Pampas — Zoology of the opposite sides of the Andes — Locusts
— Great Bugs — Mendoza — Uspallata Pass — Silicified trees
buried as they grew — Incas Bridge — Badness of the passes
exaggerated — Cumbre — Casuchas — Valparaiso.

CHAPTER XVI.

Coast-road to Coquimbo — Great loads carried by the miners —
Coquimbo — Earthquake — Step-formed terraces — Absence of
recent deposits — Contemporaneousness of the Tertiary formations
— Excursion up the valley — Road to Guasco — Deserts — Valley
of Copiapó — Rain and Earthquakes — Hydrophobia — The
Despoblado — Indian ruins — Probable change of climate —
River-bed arched by an earthquake — Cold gales of wind — Noises
from a hill — Iquique — Salt alluvium — Nitrate of soda —
Lima — Unhealthy country — Ruins of Callao, overthrown by an
earthquake — Recent subsidence — Elevated shells on San
Lorenzo, their decomposition — Plain with embedded shells and
fragments of pottery — Antiquity of the Indian Race.

CHAPTER XVII.

Galapagos Archipelago — The whole group volcanic — Number of
craters — Leafless bushes — Colony at Charles Island — James
Island — Salt-lake in crater — Natural history of the group —
Ornithology, curious finches — Reptiles — Great tortoises,
habits of — Marine lizard, feeds on seaweed — Terrestrial
lizard, burrowing habits, herbivorous — Importance of reptiles
in the Archipelago — Fish, shells, insects — Botany — American
type of organisation — Differences in the species or races on
different islands — Tameness of the birds — Fear of man an
acquired instinct.

CHAPTER XVIII.

Pass through the Low Archipelago — Tahiti — Aspect —
Vegetation on the mountains — View of Eimeo — Excursion into
the interior — Profound ravines — Succession of waterfalls —
Number of wild useful plants — Temperance of the inhabitants —
Their moral state — Parliament convened — New Zealand — Bay of
Islands — Hippahs — Excursion to Waimate — Missionary
establishment — English weeds now run wild — Waiomio — Funeral
of a New Zealand woman — Sail for Australia.

CHAPTER XIX.

Sydney — Excursion to Bathurst — Aspect of the woods — Party
of natives — Gradual extinction of the aborigines — Infection
generated by associated men in health — Blue Mountains — View
of the grand gulf-like valleys — Their origin and formation —
Bathurst, general civility of the lower orders — State of
Society — Van Diemen’s Land — Hobart Town — Aborigines all
banished — Mount Wellington — King George’s Sound — Cheerless
aspect of the country — Bald Head, calcareous casts of branches
of trees — Party of natives — Leave Australia.

CHAPTER XX.

Keeling Island — Singular appearance — Scanty Flora —
Transport of seeds — Birds and insects — Ebbing and flowing
springs — Fields of dead coral — Stones transported in the
roots of trees — Great crab — Stinging corals — Coral-eating
fish — Coral formations — Lagoon islands or atolls — Depth at
which reef-building corals can live — Vast areas interspersed
with low coral islands — Subsidence of their foundations —
Barrier-reefs — Fringing-reefs — Conversion of fringing-reefs
into barrier-reefs, and into atolls — Evidence of changes in
level — Breaches in barrier-reefs — Maldiva atolls, their
peculiar structure — Dead and submerged reefs — Areas of
subsidence and elevation — Distribution of volcanoes —
Subsidence slow and vast in amount.

CHAPTER XXI.

Mauritius, beautiful appearance of — Great crateriform ring of
mountains — Hindoos — St. Helena — History of the changes in
the vegetation — Cause of the extinction of land-shells —
Ascension — Variation in the imported rats — Volcanic bombs —
Beds of infusoria — Bahia, Brazil — Splendour of tropical
scenery — Pernambuco — Singular reefs — Slavery — Return to
England — Retrospect on our voyage.

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